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Inauguration Chaire Aung San Suu Kyi Démocratie, Cultures & Engagement

Lors de la venue d’Aung San Suu Kyi à Louvain en octobre 2013, une réflexion était née afin de prolonger un engagement pris lors de l’octroi de son doctorat honoris causa en 1998 et de traiter de manière universitaire les questions soulevées au travers de son engagement. Le projet de la "Chaire Aung San Suu Kyi  Démocratie, Cultures & Engagement" en est le résultat, avec le soutien financier de la Fondation Louvain.
Cette Chaire se veut ouvrir un espace de réflexion pour traiter de questions centrales dans la construction des savoirs au service du projet démocratique : comment tenir ensemble les idéaux et la réalité de l’engagement, des idéaux universalistes et des spécificités culturelles, l'action non violente dans un monde violent, le rapport entre la théorie et la pratique, … Pour plus d’informations sur le projet de la Chaire, voir site en construction :
Voici une initiative, qui est ouverte à vos propositions et idées d’activités.
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Etat Kachin : 4e anniversaire de la reprise des hostilités.

56 Solidarity Groups Worldwide Call for an Immediate Halt to All Military Offensives in Northern Burma/Myanmar and Unhindered Provision of Aid to Hundreds of Thousands of IDPs

(8 June 2015) On the fourth anniversary of the renewed war in Kachin State, 56 groups worldwide issued a
statement standing in solidarity with the Kachin people by calling on the Burma Army to immediately halt all offensives in Kachin and northern Shan States and for the Burma/Myanmar Government to allow humanitarian agencies immediate and unhindered access to all internally displaced persons (IDPs) affected by the ongoing conflict. Since the Burma Army breached the 17-year-old ceasefire agreement with the Kachin Independence Army (KIA), over 120,000 people have been displaced, mostly along the border with China.

 “The IDPs have been suffering from a shortage of humanitarian aid, as well as restrictions to aid delivery, which is being blocked by the Government,” said Khon Ja, a member of the Kachin Women Peace Network. “Not only is there a need for a substantial increase in humanitarian aid, the Government must end its policies of inflicting further suffering on the IDPs who are the most vulnerable; there needs to be a stronger commitment to preserve their dignity.”

Despite the humanitarian emergency and the need for more food, shelter, and medical supplies, the restriction on movement of humanitarian agencies in northern Burma has made it difficult to provide sufficient aid to the IDPs. Further exasperating this situation is the expected cuts in aid beginning this month. While the IDPs have been receiving a paltry sum of 12,500 kyat (11.00 USD) per month, starting June 2015 they will receive half that amount as community based organizations (CBOs) struggle with funding and other necessities to meet the needs of the increasing number of IDPs.

In addition, the IDPs’ living conditions will potentially decline as the rainy season begins, with expected increases in dengue fever and other life threatening diseases putting their lives at further risk. Without sufficient medical supplies and a lack of adequate sanitation and nourishment, tens of thousands of people, including children, women and the elderly, are facing dire conditions without access to necessary humanitarian aid.

Meanwhile, Burma Army offensives are continuing unabated, including airstrikes from fighter jets just days after the text of the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) was signed in March 2015. “While there is much attention on the signing of the NCA draft text and the Government is being lauded for that, it is impossible for the 120,000 IDPs to share this same optimism as they continue to suffer from military offensives and abusive policies of the Burma Army,” said Khin Ohmar, Coordinator of Burma Partnership. “In addition to calling on the Burma Army to halt all offensives in ethnic areas, the international community needs to immediately urge the Burma Government to allow humanitarian agencies unhindered access to all IDP camps, and these agencies need to work with local CBOs to ensure that there is sufficient humanitarian assistance that is effective in meeting the needs of the IDPs.”

Statement - Solidarity Groups Call on 4th Anniversary of Renewed War in Kachin State - FINAL.pdf


ROHINGYAS - 12 ONG européennes réclament une enquête internationale

Statement by Members of the European Burma Network

For Immediate Release Sunday 7th June 2015

International investigation needed into human rights violations against Burma’s Rohingya

Monday 8th June marks the third anniversary of a new wave of large-scale violence against Burma’s Rohingya ethnic minority. The violence left hundreds dead and displaced more than 140,000 people.

The crisis with thousands of Rohingya refugees stranded at sea as they flee Burma is a stark reminder that Burmese government policies of repression, and restrictions on international humanitarian assistance have continued since these attacks. The international community has failed to act to address the root causes of this crisis.

What began as communal violence three years ago in June 2012, with killings of members of both ethnic Rakhine and ethnic Rohingya communities, quickly evolved into widespread and systematic attacks against the Rohingya. Further violent attacks took place in October 2012. Human rights violations documented include killing of Rohingya men, women and children, rape, beheadings, stabbings, beatings, mass arrests and villages and neighbourhoods burned to the ground.

In a report released in April 2013, ‘Crimes Against Humanity and Ethnic Cleansing of Rohingya
Muslims in Burma’s Arakan State’, Human Rights Watch concluded that “the criminal acts committed against the Rohingya and Kaman Muslim communities in Arakan State beginning in June
2012 amount to crimes against humanity carried out as part of a campaign of ethnic cleansing.”

In their February 2014 report, ‘Policies of Persecution’, Fortify Rights obtained leaked official documents which provide evidence that human rights violations against Rohingya result from official state policies and could amount to the ‘crime against humanity’ of persecution.

In April 2014 Tomás Ojea Quintana, at the time the UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Burma, stated that government policies towards the Rohingya may constitute crimes against humanity:

“the pattern of widespread and systematic human rights violations in Rakhine State may constitute
crimes against humanity as defined under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
He believes that extrajudicial killing, rape and other forms of sexual violence, arbitrary detention,
torture and ill-treatment in detention, denial of due process and fair trial rights, and the forcible
transfer and severe deprivation of liberty of populations has taken place on a large scale and has
been directed against the Rohingya Muslim population in Rakhine State.”

The situation facing the Rohingya is so severe, that experts on genocide have warned that the early
warning signs of genocide are present.

The overwhelming evidence indicates that human rights violations against Rohingya in Burma violate international law and may constitute crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing.

The international community’s response so far to the crisis facing the Rohingya has been to call on
the government of Burma to investigate the situation. However, the government in Burma has taken no serious steps to investigate and bring to justice those responsible for committing crimes against humanity. It has either failed to act or flatly refused to act. There is no indication whatsoever that this situation is likely to change.

A Burmese government committee established to investigate the violence in Rakhine State in 2012 failed to address who was responsible for the violence, and there has still not been any credible investigation. The government itself has supported policies and practices that endorse and encourage violence against the Rohingya. Those inciting anti-Rohingya violence are still allowed to operate with impunity. There remains a complete lack of justice and accountability.

Given that there is no political will or desire from the government of Burma, or from opposition political parties in Burma to address this, it is the responsibility of international governments to intervene to support an investigation, which is then established by a body of the United Nations.

It is essential that the current impunity enjoyed by the perpetrators of these most serious crimes is ended.

As a vital first step, an international investigation is needed to begin the process of applying international law and addressing both the human rights violations being committed and the laws and policies that have helped to underpin the violence and oppression of the Rohingya. The only way any credible investigation will take place is for the international community to conduct one.

We call upon European countries to publicly support the establishment of such an inquiry, and work through the United Nations and other international bodies to build support for the establishment an inquiry.

Signed by

Actions Birmanie
Assoc Suisse-Birmanie
Building Social Democracy in Burma - A project under ASD Sweden
Burma Action Ireland
Burma Aktion (Germany)
Burma Campaign UK
Burmese Rohingya Organisation UK
Christian Solidarity Worldwide
Info Birmanie
Norwegian Burma Committee
Society for Threatened Peoples
Swedish Burma Committee


20150607_Statement by members of the European Burma Network.pdf


ROHINGYAS - 33 organisations internationales humanitaires et de plaidoyer ont écrit aujourd’hui au Secrétaire Général des Nations Unies

33 organisations internationales humanitaires et de plaidoyer ont écrit aujourd’hui au Secrétaire Général des Nations Unies, pour l’exhorter à accorder « toute son attention » à la crise humanitaire qui sévit dans l’État d’Arakan en Birmanie et à « prendre personnellement la tête» de négociations pour autoriser l’accès humanitaire à toutes les zones de l’État d’Arakan.

Dans une lettre ouverte à Ban Ki-Moon, les ONG citent le Sous-Secrétaire général aux affaires humanitaires des Nations Unies, Kyung-hwa Kang, qui déclarait, après avoir visité les camps de déplacés internes de l’État d’Arakan en juin 2014 : « J’ai été le témoin d’un niveau de souffrance humaine dans les camps de déplacés que je n’avais jamais vu auparavant… des conditions [de vie] épouvantables… un accès plus qu’insuffisant aux services essentiels tels que la santé, l’éducation, l’eau et le système sanitaire ».

Ces mots font écho à ceux du Secrétaire général adjoint aux affaires humanitaires, la baronne Amos, qui a déclaré, après avoir visité les camps en 2012 : « J’ai vu de nombreux camps durant mon mandat, mais les conditions [de vie] dans ces camps sont parmi les pires. Malheureusement, nous, les Nations Unies, ne sommes pas en mesure d’y accéder et d’accomplir le travail que nous aimerions effectuer auprès de ces gens, les conditions [de vie] sont donc effroyables… C’est une situation désastreuse et nous devons faire quelque chose pour y remédier. »

Actuellement au moins 70 pourcent des rohingyas n’ont pas accès à l’eau potable ou à des services sanitaires. Dans le canton de Maungdaw, il y a un seul médecin pour 160 000 personnes. L’organisation mondiale de la santé recommande au moins 1 médecin pour 5000 personnes. Seulement 2 pourcent des femmes rohingyas donnent naissance dans un hôpital.

Dans leur lettre, les ONG déclarent : « alors que la crise est la plus aiguë dans les camps, il est important de noter que près de 800 000 rohingyas, qui vivent en dehors des camps, ont des besoins urgents d’assistance. Dans certaines zones, le taux de malnutrition est au dessus de 20 pourcent et la fourniture de services de santé est presque inexistante. »

Elles arguent également qu’« il est également essentiel, que l’aide humanitaire ne soit pas seulement apportée aux rohingyas mais à tous ceux qui en ont besoin. L’État d’Arakan est le deuxième État le plus pauvre de la Birmanie, 44 pourcent de la population vit en dessous du seuil de pauvreté – soit près de 20 pourcent de plus que la moyenne dans la plupart du pays. »

Les ONG concluent leur appel en rappelant les efforts de Ban Ki-moon à la suite du désastre humanitaire causé par le cyclone Nargis. Ils écrivent : « Monsieur le Secrétaire Général, en 2008, suite à l’épouvantable crise humanitaire liée au cyclone Nargis, le régime birman refusait l’accès aux organisations internationales humanitaires. Vous avez, personnellement, pris en charge l’effort de la Communauté internationale pour en négocier l’accès et vous avez réussi. Par conséquent, des centaines de milliers de vies ont pu être sauvées. Nous croyons que la crise dans l’État d’Arakan requiert une réaction similaire, nous vous exhortons, donc, à prendre, personnellement, la tête des négociations avec le gouvernement birman, en faveur d’un accès humanitaire vers toutes les zones de l’État d’Arakan, pour qu’une aide humanitaire soit apportée à toutes les personnes qui en ont besoin, indépendamment de considération de race ou de religion. Des centaines de milliers de personnes, qui n’ont que peu de nourriture, médicaments ou refuges et qui ont été dépouillées non seulement de leur citoyenneté mais également de leur dignité fondamentale, comptent sur vous et les Nations Unies pour les aider. Nous vous demandons de ne pas les décevoir. »

Cette déclaration est signée par les organisations suivantes :

Actions Birmanie (Belgium)


Asia Pacific Refugee Rights Network

Association Suisse-Birmanie


Building Social Democracy in Burma (A project under ASD Sweden)

Burma Action Ireland

Burma Campaign UK

Burma Partnership

Burmese Rohingya Organisation UK

Christian Solidarity Worldwide

Equal Rights Trust

FIDH / International Federation for Human Rights

Fortify Rights

Humanitarian Aid Relief Trust (HART)

Human Rights Watch

Info Birmanie (France)

Institute for Asian Democracy

International State Crime Initiative, Queen Mary University of London

Norwegian Burma Committee

Partners for Relief and Development

Pax Christi Australia

Physicians for Human Rights

Quilliam Foundation

Refugees International

Restless Beings

Rohingya Community Ireland

Society for Threatened Peoples (Germany)

Swedish Burma Committee

Social Democratic Students Burma Project (SDS)


United to End Genocide

US Campaign for Burma

20150520_Lettre BKM FR.pdf
20150520_LETTER BKM.pdf